On this day we commemorate the martyrdom of Saints Cosmas and Damian, their brothers Anthimus, Londius and Abrabius and their mother Theodata. They were from one of the Arab countries. Their mother feared God, was hospitable to strangers, compassionate and merciful. She became a widow while her children were still young.
She raised and taught them the fear of God and the love of righteousness. Cosmas and Damian studied medicine and they treated the sick free of charge. As for their brothers they went to the desert and became monks.
When Diocletian renounced the faith and commanded the worship of idols he was told that Cosmas and Damian were preaching in the name of Christ, and they urged others not to worship idols. He ordered them to be brought to the Governor of the city, who tortured them severely by beating and with fire. Then he asked them the whereabouts of their brothers. Upon finding out, he brought them and their mother and ordered them to raise incense before the idols, but they refused.
He ordered them to be tortured by squeezing them between drums. When they experienced no harm, he cast them into a burning furnace for three days and three nights. Then he placed them on red-hot iron beds. Through all this, however they remained unharmed, as the Lord raised them up whole, revealing His glory and the honor of His saints.
When the Governor became weary of torturing them he sent them to the Emperor who also tortured them. Their mother constantly encouraged and comforted them. The Emperor rebuked her, but she admonished him for his cruelty and for worshipping idols. He ordered her that head be cut off and she received the crown of martyrdom.
Her body remained on the ground and no one dared to bury it. St. Cosmas screamed at those present saying: "Men of this city, is there any merciful person among you who will cover the body of this poor old widow and bury her?" Straightaway, Victor, the son of Romanus came forward, took the body, placed it in a shroud, and buried it.
When the Emperor heard what Victor had done, he ordered him be exiled to the land of Egypt. There he received the crown of martyrdom. The next day, the Emperor ordered the heads of saints Cosmas, Damian and their brothers be cut off and then they received the crowns of life in the kingdom of heaven.
At the end of the era of persecution many churches
were built in the name of these saints and God made manifest many
signs and wonders therein.
The Holy Prophet Naum -- one of the 12 Lesser Prophets, was from the village of Elkosh (Galilee). He lived during the VII Century BC. The Old Testament Book of the Prophet Naum contains prophecy of the ruin of the Assyrian city of Ninevah because of its iniquity, the destruction of the Israelite kingdom, and of the blasphemy of king Sennacherib against Jehovah. Details of the prophet's life are unknown. He died at age 45 and was buried in his native region.
Philaretos was a rich and illustrious dignitary, but he was not hoarding of his wealth. Knowing that many people suffered from poverty, he remembered the words of the Saviour about the dread Last Judgement and about "these least ones" (Mt 25:40); the words of the Apostle Paul about the fact that a dying man takes nothing along from this world (1Tim 6:7); and the verses of king David about the reward of the righteous (Ps 36:25). And Philaretos became famed for his love for the poor.
One time Ishmaelites [arabs] made an attack on Paphlagonia, devastating the land and plundering the estate of Philaretos. There remained only 2 oxen, a cow, some oil and the house. But this also, finally, he shared with the poor. Mildly yet stubbornly he endured the reproaches of his wife and the jeers of his children. "I have in secret places unbeknownst to you, such riches and such treasure, -- he replied to his family, -- which would suffice you, even if ye live an hundred years without toil and without concern."
And the Lord rewarded Philaretos for his generosity: when the last measure of wheat was given away, a old friend sent him forty measures, and after this, as warm clothing was given to the needy, riches returned to him.
During this time the Byzantine empress Irene (797-802) was seeking a bride for her son -- the future co-reigning Constantine Porphyrigenitos [Bagryanorodnii] (780-797) and for this emissaries were sent throughout all the empire. And the envoys did not bypass Amnea. When Philaretos and Theozua learned that these most illustrious guests were to visit at their house, Philaretos was very happy, but Theozua was sad, -- at the house there was no always even food, and suitable entertainment was impossible. But Philaretos bid his wife to finely decorate their home. Their neighbours, knowing that imperial envoys were being expected, brought everything in abundance for a rich feast. The envoys made their choices for the imperial bride selection: amidst the 10 most beautiful maidens was Philaretos' grand-daughter, Maria. This very Maria exceeded all her rivals in quality and modesty and indeed became the regent's wife, and Constantine Porphyrigenitos lavished rewarded Philaretos. And thus fame and riches returned to Philaretos. But just as before, this holy lover of the poor generously distributed alms and established an eating place for the poor, and he himself served them at the time of the meal. Everyone was astonished at the humility of Philaretos and said: "In truth this is a man of God completely, a true disciple of Christ".
He ordered a servant to take three chests and fill them separately with gold, silver and copper coins: from the first the totally destitute received alms, from the second -- those having been robbed of the means of subsistence, and from the third -- those who hypocritically coveted money.
Thus, not caught up in honours, but rather in humility and love for the poor, the blessed elder attained 90 years of age. Foreseeing his end, he set off to the Constantinople Rodolpheia monastery, distributing there everything that he had on himself, for monastery needs and for the needy. Having summoned his family, he exhorted them in love for the poor and non-avarice; he then expired peacefully to the Lord. He died in the year 792 and was buried in the Rodolpheia Judgement monastery in Constantinople.
The appearance of a miracle after his death confirmed the sainthood of Righteous Philaretos. When they took the body of the saint to the place of burial, a certain man, possessed by the devil, took hold on the coffin and followed with the funeral procession. At the cemetery occurred the healing of the demoniac: the devil threw the man down on the ground and went out from him. Many other miracles and healings also were done at the grave of the saint.
After the death of Righteous Philaretos, his wife Theozua worked at restoring monasteries and churches devastated during the time of a barbarian invasion.