Jeremiah of Anathoth was the wondrous prophet of the Lord who was consecrated while still in his mother's womb (cf. Jer. 1:5) for his prophetic ministry to Judah and to the nations of the world. He was the son of Hilkiah the priest. He foresaw in visions the destruction of Jerusalem by the Babylonians in 586 B.C., after which time he was eventually brought down to Tahpanhes (Taphnas) in Egypt by a contingent of Judean rebels.

Jeremiah prophesied God's judgment against the Jews who had fled to Egypt, and he was stoned to death there by his own countrymen around 583 B.C. The Egyptians, however, showed great respect for the slain prophet and laid him to rest with honors on the Pharoah's royal property.